Science

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 2018-07-19 02:31 

ScienceDaily.com

Money talks when trying to influence climate change legislation...

Climate lobbying is big business. A new analysis shows that between 2000 and 2016, lobbyists spent more than two billion dollars on influencing relevant legislation in the US Congress. Unsurprisingly, sectors that could be negatively affected by bills lim...

 2018-07-19 02:30 

ScienceDaily.com

Use of nicotine during pregnancy may increase risk of sudden infant death syndrome...

Nicotine exposure during pregnancy, whether from smoking cigarettes, or nicotine patches and e-cigarettes, increases risk of sudden infant death syndrome -- sometimes known as 'cot death' -- according to new research....

 2018-07-18 22:36 

ScienceDaily.com

Alcohol-related cirrhosis deaths skyrocket in young adults...

Liver disease deaths jumped by 65 percent in the United States, from 1999-2016, disproportionately affecting adults ages 25-34. The increase in deaths among young adults was driven entirely by alcohol-related liver disease, according to a new study....

 2018-07-18 22:36 

ScienceDaily.com

Switching to certain antidiabetic drugs linked to increased risk of major complications...

For people with type 2 diabetes, switching to sulfonylurea drugs to control blood sugar levels is associated with an increased risk of complications compared with staying on the drug metformin, a new study finds....

 2018-07-18 21:03 

ScienceDaily.com

DNA methylation related to liver disease among obese patients, study shows...

Researchers have identified how DNA methylation is associated with a condition known as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which can lead to liver cirrhosis and death, and is one of the leading indicators for liver transplants....

 2018-07-18 21:03 

ScienceDaily.com

NASA's new mini satellite will study Milky Way's halo...

A new mission called HaloSat will help scientists search for the universe's missing matter by studying X-rays from hot gas surrounding the Milky Way galaxy....

 2018-07-18 21:03 

ScienceDaily.com

In the ocean's twilight zone, tiny organisms may have giant effect on Earth's carbon cycle...

In a new study that challenges scientists' presuppositions about the carbon cycle, researchers find that tiny organisms may be playing in outside role in the way carbon is circulated throughout the ocean....

 2018-07-18 21:03 

ScienceDaily.com

Cities as study proxies for climate change...

Cities can serve as useful proxies to study and predict the effects of climate change, according to a research review that tracks urbanization's effects on plant and insect species....

 2018-07-18 21:02 

ScienceDaily.com

Therapy dogs effective in reducing symptoms of ADHD, study finds...

Researchers have found therapy dogs to be effective in reducing the symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children....

 2018-07-18 19:22 

ScienceDaily.com

Does biodiversity loss leads to an increased disease risk?...

Biodiversity is disappearing at an alarming rate as infectious diseases increasingly spill over from wildlife to humans. Disease ecologists fervently debate whether biodiversity loss leads to an increased disease risk. Now, a new study offers some answers...

 2018-07-18 19:22 

ScienceDaily.com

Hurricanes and other extreme events...

The availability of water from underground aquifers is vital to the basic needs of more than 1.5 billion people worldwide. In recent decades, however, the over-pumping of groundwater, combined with drought, has caused some aquifers to permanently lose the...

 2018-07-18 19:22 

ScienceDaily.com

RNA molecules that regulate action of male hormone in prostate cancer identified...

A study detected in tumoral tissue hundreds of RNAs that do not encode proteins but appear to regulate effects of androgens and androgen receptors on gene expression in tumors. By investigating the connection between the presence of these molecules and tu...

 2018-07-18 19:22 

ScienceDaily.com

More category 5 hurricanes forecasted by scientists...

Researchers have learned from studying 2012's Hurricane Sandy, that we are more likely to see larger, more powerful hurricanes in the future....

 2018-07-18 18:31 

ScienceDaily.com

Ozone pollution in US national parks close to that of largest US cities...

The research matched pollution data to monthly park visitation statistics at 33 heavily visited national parks and found that visitation responds most to ozone during months with poor air quality....

 2018-07-18 18:31 

ScienceDaily.com

Great Barrier Reef not bouncing back as before, but there is hope...

The Great Barrier Reef is losing its ability to recover from disturbances, but effective local management could revive its capacity to bounce back....

 2018-07-18 18:31 

ScienceDaily.com

Living plant varieties reveal ancient migration routes across Eurasia...

New study identifies human choice and environmental adaptation as crucial factors for the spread of food staple in prehistory....

 2018-07-18 18:31 

ScienceDaily.com

Secular countries can expect future economic growth, confirms new study...

New research measuring the importance of religion in 109 countries spanning the entire 20th century has reignited an age-old debate around the link between secularization and economic growth. The study has shown that a decline in religion influences a cou...

 2018-07-18 18:31 

ScienceDaily.com

For one tropical tree, effective seed dispersal relies especially on elephants...

Deer, bears, gibbons, but especially elephants, play an important role in seed dispersal for a large-fruited tree in the forests of Thailand, according to a new study. The data illustrate the complexity of forest ecology and hint that, at least for this o...

 2018-07-18 18:30 

ScienceDaily.com

Melanoma biomarkers predicting checkpoint blocker response...

Scientists have identified biomarkers in melanoma that could help tailor immunotherapy treatments to maximize the benefits for patients while reducing the likelihood of severe side effects....

 2018-07-18 18:30 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists uncover DNA 'shield' w/crucial roles in normal cell division...

New fundamental complex in cells drives 'messy' form of DNA repair. In immune cells, this is crucial to make antibodies. In cancer, mutations in complex could lead to resistance to BRCA-targeting PARP inhibitor drugs or platinum chemotherapies....

 2018-07-18 18:30 

ScienceDaily.com

Warming rivers make marked contribution to global greenhouse gas levels...

Warming streams and rivers could be disproportionately contributing to the amount of planet-warming greenhouse gases, according to a new study....

 2018-07-18 18:30 

ScienceDaily.com

Glowing bacteria on deep-sea fish shed light on evolution, 'third type' of symbiosis...

For the first time, scientists have sequenced and analyzed the genomes of bacteria that live in anglerfish bulbs. The bacteria were taken from fish specimens collected in the Gulf of Mexico....

 2018-07-18 18:30 

ScienceDaily.com

Metal too 'gummy' to cut? Draw on it with a Sharpie or glue stick, science says...

Your everyday permanent markers, glue sticks and packing tape may offer a surprisingly low-tech solution to a long-standing nuisance in the manufacturing industry: Making soft and ductile, or so-called 'gummy' metals easier to cut....

 2018-07-18 18:30 

ScienceDaily.com

Origami-inspired device helps marine biologists study octopuses and jellyfish...

Scientists have tried to find the safest and most effective ways to explore marine life in the oceanic water, the largest and least explored environment on Earth, for years. Each time, they were faced with the same challenge: How to capture delicate or ge...

 2018-07-18 17:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Billion-year-old lake deposit yields clues to Earth's ancient biosphere...

A sample of ancient oxygen, teased out of a 1.4-billion-year-old evaporative lake deposit in Ontario, provides fresh evidence of what the Earth's atmosphere and biosphere were like during the interval leading up to the emergence of animal life....

 2018-07-18 17:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Bacterial armor could be a new target for antibiotics...

Boosting efforts to fight antibiotic resistance, researchers have found that a thin membrane, thought to be just a shrink wrap around some bacterial cell walls, has structural properties critical for survival. Drugs that destroy the membrane could be a ne...

 2018-07-18 17:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Gut's 'taste buds' help school the immune system in the thymus...

Researchers were recently surprised to discover fully formed gut and skin cells in the thymus, a lemon-sized organ that sits in front of the heart and is responsible for training the T cells of the immune system not to attack the body's own tissues. T...

 2018-07-18 17:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Light-controlled polymers can switch between sturdy and soft...

Researchers have designed a polymer material that can change its structure in response to light, converting from a rigid substance to a softer one that can heal itself when damaged....

 2018-07-18 17:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists discover a mechanism of drug resistance in breast and ovarian cancer...

A new study helps explain why certain cancers don't respond to treatment, and offers hope for overcoming this deadly resistance....

 2018-07-18 17:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Researchers solve mystery of how ALL enters the central nervous system...

A deadly feature of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is its invasion of the central nervous system. ALL in the central nervous system is very difficult to treat, because most drugs are blocked from the organ system due to a "blood-brain barrier"...

 2018-07-18 17:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Atlantic circulation is not collapsing -- but as it shifts gears, warming will reaccelerate...

Data suggest that the recent, rapid slowdown of the Atlantic Ocean circulation is not a sign of imminent collapse, but a shift back toward a more sluggish phase. The slowdown implies that global air temperatures will increase more quickly in the coming de...

 2018-07-18 17:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Where baby white sharks 'hang out' in the North Atlantic...

A team of scientists is the first to confirm the movement patterns and seasonal migrations of baby white sharks in the north Atlantic Ocean. They put the New York Bight shark nursery theory to test by deploying satellite and acoustic tags on 10 baby white...

 2018-07-18 16:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Artery hardening and thickness not affected by stopping hormone therapy...

Heart disease is still the number one killer of US women, and hormone therapy remains a top treatment for menopause symptoms. A new study connects these two facts to demonstrate little effect of hormone therapy on artery thickness as a precursor to heart ...

 2018-07-18 16:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Solar corona is more structured, dynamic than previously thought...

Scientists have discovered never-before-detected, fine-grained structures in the Sun's outer atmosphere, or corona. The team imaged this critical region in detail using sophisticated software techniques and longer exposures from the COR-2 camera on bo...

 2018-07-18 16:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Neurons can carry more than one signal at a time...

New research shows that neurons in the brain can carry two signals at once, using a strategy similar to multiplexing in telecommunications. The results may explain how the brain processes complex information from the world around us, and may also provide ...

 2018-07-18 16:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists lack vital knowledge on rapid Arctic climate change...

Arctic climate change research relies on field measurements and samples that are too scarce, and patchy at best, according to a comprehensive review study. The researchers looked at thousands of scientific studies, and found that around 30% of cited studi...

 2018-07-18 15:33 

ScienceDaily.com

Global study of world's beaches shows threat to protected areas...

A first-of-its-kind survey of the world's sandy shorelines with satellite data found that they have increased slightly on a global scale over the past three decades but decreased in protected marine areas, where many beaches are eroding....

 2018-07-18 15:33 

ScienceDaily.com

Autism risk determined by health of mom's gut...

The mother's microbiome, the collection of microscopic organisms that live inside us, determines the risk of autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders in her offspring, new research shows. The work raises the possibility we could prevent autism by...

 2018-07-18 15:33 

ScienceDaily.com

Climate determines shapes of river basins...

Short and squat, or long and thin? An study finds climate determines a river basin's shape....

 2018-07-18 15:33 

ScienceDaily.com

The relationship between charge density waves and superconductivity? It's complicated...

For a long time, physicists have tried to understand the relationship between a periodic pattern of conduction electrons called a charge density wave (CDW), and another quantum order, superconductivity, or zero electrical resistance, in the same material....

 2018-07-18 15:33 

ScienceDaily.com

X-ray data may be first evidence of a star devouring a planet...

An analysis of X-ray data suggests the first observations of a star swallowing a planet, and may also explain the star's mysterious dimming....

 2018-07-18 15:33 

ScienceDaily.com

Agriculture: DIY field imaging system...

Farmers and plant breeders can now build their own automated field camera track system to collect data on dynamic plant traits, such as crop lodging and movement, as it's happening in the field to help reduce losses in crop yield....

 2018-07-18 15:32 

ScienceDaily.com

Water may be key to understanding sweetness...

A cranberry, honey or a candy bar - which tastes the sweetest? These foods contain sugars that humans can perceive differently. A cranberry seems tart, whereas a candy bar can be excessively sweet, and honey is somewhere in the middle. Now researchers hav...

 2018-07-18 14:48 

ScienceDaily.com

New breast cancer therapeutic target...

Research has shown for the first time that a tiny piece of RNA deregulates energy metabolism, an emerging hallmark of cancer. The finding identifies a new target for therapeutic intervention in breast cancer....

 2018-07-18 14:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Feeding plants to this algae could fuel your car...

The research shows that a freshwater production strain of microalgae, Auxenochlorella protothecoides, is capable of directly degrading and utilizing non-food plant substrates, such as switchgrass, for improved cell growth and lipid productivity, useful fo...

 2018-07-18 14:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Faulty science and ethics cited in DNA analyzes of Atacama mummy...

Researchers call into question the ethics and skeletal and genomic analysis surrounding research into the much publicized 'Atacama mummy'....

 2018-07-18 14:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Molecular culprits of protein aggregation in ALS and FTLD...

The mutated and aggregated protein FUS is implicated in two neurodegenerative diseases: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Using a newly developed fruit fly model, researchers have zoomed in on the protein st...

 2018-07-18 14:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Biological signalling processes in intelligent materials...

Researchers are developing innovative biohybrid systems with information processing functionality....

 2018-07-18 14:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Dementia could be detected via routinely collected data...

A new machine-learning model that scans routinely collected NHS data has shown promising signs of being able to predict undiagnosed dementia in primary care. The results from the feasibility study suggest that the model could significantly reduce the numb...

 2018-07-18 14:47 

ScienceDaily.com

Allergies: Mugwort pollen as main source of airborne endotoxins...

Different airborne substances can cause respiratory problems for asthma sufferers. These include bacteria and their components, which can trigger inflammations. How they become airborne has not been fully explained up to now. A team has now shown that pol...

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