Science

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 2018-10-15 21:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Marker may help target treatments for Crohn's patients...

Crohn's disease has emerged as a global disease, with rates steadily increasing over the last 50 years. Experts have long suspected that CD likely represents a collection of related but slightly different disorders, but until now it has not been possi...

 2018-10-15 20:42 

ScienceDaily.com

Why tropical forests are so ecologically diverse...

The population of a tropical tree increases mostly in places where it is rare, a new study found....

 2018-10-15 20:31 

ScienceDaily.com

Eating with your eyes: Virtual reality can alter taste...

Humans not only relish the sweet, savory and saltiness of foods, but they are influenced by the environment in which they eat. Food scientists used virtual reality to show how people's perception of real food can be altered by their surroundings....

 2018-10-15 20:31 

ScienceDaily.com

Us vs. them: Understanding the neurobiology of stereotypes...

Scientists describe how non-invasive brain stimulation -- a technique he and others have pioneered to unlock the secrets of the brain -- could shed light on the neurobiology underlying implicit bias....

 2018-10-15 20:31 

ScienceDaily.com

Best use of wildflowers to benefit crops on farms...

For the first time, a new study of strawberry crops on New York farms tested this theory and found that wildflower strips on farms added pollinators when the farm lay within a ''Goldilocks zone,'' where 25 to 55 percent of the surrounding ...

 2018-10-15 19:44 

ScienceDaily.com

Mammals cannot evolve fast enough to escape current extinction crisis...

The sixth mass extinction is underway, this time caused by humans. A team of researchers have calculated that species are dying out so quickly that nature's built-in defense mechanism, evolution, cannot keep up. If current conservation efforts are not...

 2018-10-15 19:29 

ScienceDaily.com

Cesarean-born mice show altered patterns of brain development, study finds...

Cesarean-born mice show altered patterns of cell death across the brain, exhibiting greater nerve cell death than vaginally delivered mice in at least one brain area, a finding that suggests birth mode may have acute effects on human neurodevelopment that...

 2018-10-15 19:29 

ScienceDaily.com

Psychopaths in the C-Suite?...

The seemingly never-ending stream of corporate scandals over the past decades, from Enron to Theranos, suggests that something is rotten in corporate leaders. Many place the blame on psychopaths, who are characteristically superficially charming but lack ...

 2018-10-15 19:06 

ScienceDaily.com

Technique quickly identifies extreme event statistics...

Engineers have developed an algorithm that quickly pinpoints the types of extreme events that are likely to occur in a complex system, such as an ocean environment, where waves of varying magnitudes, lengths, and heights can create stress and pressure on ...

 2018-10-15 19:06 

ScienceDaily.com

How beetle larvae thrive on carrion...

The burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides buries the cadavers of small animals to use them as a food source for its offspring. However, the carcass is susceptible to microbial decomposition. Researchers show that the beetles replace harmful microorganis...

 2018-10-15 19:06 

ScienceDaily.com

Linguistic red flags from Facebook posts can predict future depression diagnoses...

Research finds that the language people use in their Facebook posts can predict a future diagnosis of depression as accurately as the tools clinicians use in medical settings to screen for the disease....

 2018-10-15 19:06 

ScienceDaily.com

Discovery of a simplest mechanism for color detection...

Color vision, ocular color detection is achieved with complicated neural mechanisms in the eyes. Researchers have found color detection with a simplest mechanism in the fish pineal organ, an extraocular photosensitive organ on the brain surface....

 2018-10-15 18:15 

ScienceDaily.com

Arctic sea ice decline driving ocean phytoplankton farther north...

A new study reveals phytoplankton spring blooms in the Arctic Ocean, which were previously nonexistent, are expanding northward at a rate of one degree of latitude per decade. Although blooms did not previously occur in this area, phytoplankton were prese...

 2018-10-15 18:15 

ScienceDaily.com

High entropy alloys hold the key to studying dislocation avalanches in metals...

For decades researchers have studied materials from structures to see why and how they fail. Before catastrophic failure, there are individual cracks or dislocations that form, which are signals that a structure may be weakening. While researchers have st...

 2018-10-15 17:29 

ScienceDaily.com

New immunotherapy targeting blood-clotting protein...

A team has developed an antibody that blocks the inflammatory and oxidative activity of fibrin, which contributes to neurodegeneration in the brain, without compromising the protein's clotting function....

 2018-10-15 17:29 

ScienceDaily.com

Study points to possible new therapy for hearing loss...

Researchers have taken an important step toward what may become a new approach to restore the hearing loss. In a new study scientists have been able to regrow the sensory hair cells found in the cochlea -- a part of the inner ear -- that converts sound vi...

 2018-10-15 17:29 

ScienceDaily.com

How the human brain detects, identifies, and acts on taste...

Sweet and bitter flavors are identified as soon as they are tasted, according to human neural and behavioral data. The study provides new insight into how the brain rapidly detects and discriminates between potentially nutritious and toxic substances....

 2018-10-15 17:29 

ScienceDaily.com

Mouse shows potential as an animal model of decision-making...

Mice can be used to study the neural circuits underlying complex decision-making, suggests an analysis of more than 500,000 mouse decisions....

 2018-10-15 17:29 

ScienceDaily.com

PPR virus poses threat to conservation...

Researchers have reviewed the threat of the virus peste des petits ruminants (PPR) to conservation....

 2018-10-15 17:29 

ScienceDaily.com

Virus-resistant pigs to vastly improve global animal health...

Researchers have successfully produced a litter of pigs that are genetically resistant to Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus (TGEV), which commonly infects the intestines of pigs and causes almost 100 percent mortality in young pigs....

 2018-10-15 16:09 

ScienceDaily.com

Applying auto industry's fuel-efficiency standards to agriculture could net billions...

Adopting benchmarks similar to the fuel-efficiency standards used by the auto industry in the production of fertilizer could yield $5-8 billion in economic benefits for the U.S. corn sector alone, researchers have concluded....

 2018-10-15 16:09 

ScienceDaily.com

New model helps define optimal temperature and pressure to forge nanoscale diamonds...

To forge nanodiamonds, which have potential applications in medicine, optoelectronics and quantum computing, researchers expose organic explosive molecules to powerful detonations in a controlled environment. These explosive forces, however, make it diffi...

 2018-10-15 16:09 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists chase mystery of how dogs process words...

Experimental results suggest that dogs have at least a rudimentary neural representation of meaning for words they have been taught, differentiating words they have heard before from those they have not....

 2018-10-15 16:08 

ScienceDaily.com

New smart watch algorithms can help identify why you are sleeping poorly...

New algorithms take advantage of multiple smart watch sensors to accurately monitor wearers' sleep patterns. As well as obtaining rich information on wearers' sleep, the software, called SleepGuard, can estimate sleep quality and provide users wit...

 2018-10-15 16:08 

ScienceDaily.com

Finding better drug 'fits,' avoiding medication tragedies like thalidomide...

Researchers, including chemistry professor and Nobel Prize winner Ei-ichi Negishi, have developed technology to create a new chemical process to synthesize drug-like molecules with ultra-high purity....

 2018-10-15 16:08 

ScienceDaily.com

Discovery of an atomic electronic simulator...

Targeting applications like neural networks for machine learning, a new discovery is paving the way for atomic ultra-efficient electronics, the need for which is increasingly critical in our data-driven society. The key to unlocking untold potential for t...

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

how climate change could cause global beer shortages...

Severe climate events could cause shortages in the global beer supply, according to new research. The study warns that increasingly widespread and severe drought and heat may cause substantial decreases in barley yields worldwide, affecting the supply use...

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

New interactive scenario explorer for 1.5 degrees C pathways...

IIASA and the Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium (IAMC) have made the scenarios underlying last week's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 1.5 degrees C Special Report publicly available, in an interactive online resource. The reso...

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

Tracking the movement of the tropics 800 years into the past...

For the first time, scientists have traced the north-south shifts of the northern-most edge of the tropics back 800 years. The movement of the tropical boundary affects the locations of Northern Hemisphere deserts including the Sonoran, Mohave and Saharan...

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

The state of the early universe: The beginning was fluid...

Scientists recently collided Xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP). The QGP is a special state consisting of the fundamental particles, the quarks, and the particles that bind the quarks togeth...

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

People ordered into mental health care less likely to perceive it as helpful...

A new study finds that people who independently seek mental health care are more likely to rate their treatment as effective, compared to people ordered into care....

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

Security vulnerabilities in terahertz data links...

Scientists have assumed that future terahertz data links would have an inherent immunity to eavesdropping, but new research shows that's not necessarily the case....

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

Biomaterials with 'Frankenstein proteins' help heal tissue...

Biomedical engineers have demonstrated that, by injecting an elastic biomaterial made from ordered and disordered proteins, a scaffold can form that responds to temperature and easily integrates into tissue....

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

Potential benefits of wildlife-livestock coexistence in East Africa...

A study of 3,588 square kilometers of privately owned land in central Kenya offers evidence that humans and their livestock can, in the right circumstances, share territory with zebras, giraffes, elephants and other wild mammals -- to the benefit of all....

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

Parasites from medieval latrines unlock secrets of human history...

A radical new approach combining archaeology, genetics and microscopy can reveal long-forgotten secrets of human diet, sanitation and movement from studying parasites in ancient excrement, according to new research....

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists create synthetic prototissue capable of synchronized beating...

A tissue-like material capable of synchronized beating when heated and cooled has been developed by a team of University of Bristol chemists....

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

Unravelling the genetics of fungal fratricide...

Selfish genes are genes that are passed on to the next generation but confer no advantage on the individual as a whole, and may sometimes be harmful. Researchers have, for the first time, sequenced (or charted) two selfish genes in the fungus Neurospora i...

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

Sponges on ancient ocean floors 100 million years before Cambrian period...

Researchers have found the oldest clue yet of animal life, dating back at least 100 million years before the famous Cambrian explosion of animal fossils....

 2018-10-15 15:35 

ScienceDaily.com

Ultra-light gloves let users 'touch' virtual objects...

Scientists have developed an ultra-light glove -- weighing less than 8 grams per finger -- that enables users to feel and manipulate virtual objects. Their system provides extremely realistic haptic feedback and could run on a battery, allowing for unpara...

 2018-10-15 14:54 

ScienceDaily.com

Endurance exercise training has beneficial effects on gut microbiota composition...

According to recent research, endurance exercise training beneficially modifies gut microbiota composition. After six weeks of training, potentially inflammation causing microbes (Proteobacteria) decreased and microbes that are linked to enhanced metaboli...

 2018-10-15 14:54 

ScienceDaily.com

Kids' sleep may suffer from moms' tight work schedules...

After studying the sleep habits of children from ages five to nine, researchers found that when mothers reported less flexibility in their work schedules, their children got less sleep. When they gained flexibility in their work schedules, their children ...

 2018-10-15 14:54 

ScienceDaily.com

Neck device shows promise in protecting the brain of female soccer players...

A new study of female high school soccer players suggests that a neck collar may help protect the brain from head impacts over the course of a competitive soccer season....

 2018-10-15 14:45 

ScienceDaily.com

Cellular 'tuning mechanism' builds elegant eyes...

Scientists discover a molecular 'brake' that helps control eye lens development in zebrafish....

 2018-10-15 14:45 

ScienceDaily.com

The tightest non-aminoglycoside ligand for the bacterial ribosomal RNA A-site...

A research group has made a significant discovery with positive implications for the development of bacteria-fighting drugs. The aminoacyl-tRNA site (A-site) of the 16S RNA decoding region in the bacterial ribosome looks promising for a new era of antibio...

 2018-10-15 14:45 

ScienceDaily.com

Discovery of inner ear function may improve diagnosis of hearing impairment...

Results from a research study show how the inner ear processes speech, something that has until now been unknown....

 2018-10-15 14:45 

ScienceDaily.com

Giant planets around young star raise questions about how planets form...

Researchers have identified a young star with four Jupiter and Saturn-sized planets in orbit around it, the first time that so many massive planets have been detected in such a young system. The system has also set a new record for the most extreme range ...

 2018-10-15 14:45 

ScienceDaily.com

Perovskites: Materials of the future in optical communication...

Researchers have shown how an inorganic perovskite can be made into a cheap and efficient photodetector that transfers both text and music....

 2018-10-15 14:45 

ScienceDaily.com

Molecular atlas of postnatal mouse heart development...

Researchers mapped the postnatal changes in mouse myocardium on three omics levels and multiple time points, highlighting the importance of metabolic pathways as potential drug targets....

 2018-10-15 14:45 

ScienceDaily.com

Lift off for world-first ultrasound levitation that bends around barriers...

Researchers have become the first in the world to develop technology which can bend sound waves around an obstacle and levitate an object above it....

 2018-10-15 14:45 

ScienceDaily.com

People donate more when they sense they are being watched...

The mere presence of a pair of eyes on a sign requesting donations makes people more likely to give more. These findings support the idea that people tend to act according to pro-social norms when they sense that they are being watched. It also suggests t...

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