Science

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 2017-09-22 06:59 

Science AAAS

Few authors choose anonymous peer review, massive study of <i>Nature</i> journals shows... +

Scientists from developing countries and less prestigious institutes more often prefer reviewers to be blinded to their identity...

 2017-09-22 06:58 

livemint

Plant-eating dinosaurs snacked on crustaceans... +

Scientists say fossilized dung that come from plant-eating dinosaurs inhabiting Utah 75 million years ago contain pieces of crustacean shells along with vestiges of vegetation...

 2017-09-22 06:20 

Phys.org

Fly me to the Moon: For some, lunar village takes shape... +

By 2040, a hundred people will live on the Moon, melting ice for water, 3D-printing homes and tools, eating plants grown in lunar soil, and competing in low-gravity, "flying" sports....

 2017-09-22 06:05 

Science AAAS

This 300-million-year-old marine reptile had scoliosis ... +

Brazilian fossils reveal the oldest evidence of a vertebral malformation in an aquatic animal...

 2017-09-22 06:00 

Science AAAS

Cold atoms are being launched into space. This video reveals why... +

Everything you need to know about the Bose-Einstein condensate...

 2017-09-22 05:47 

Space.com

NASA Spacecraft Buzzes Earth on Way to Distant Asteroid Bennu... +

The OSIRIS-REx probe zoomed past our planet this afternoon (Sept. 22), a little over a year after launching on a mission to the big near-Earth asteroid Bennu....

 2017-09-22 05:47 

Science AAAS

Scientists grow bullish on pig-to-human transplants... +

Progress in monkey testing buoys hopes for human trials...

 2017-09-22 05:05 

Science AAAS

Dueling preprint servers coming for the geosciences... +

Sites promise to speed collaboration in discipline...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Are you happy you voted -- or didn't?... +

An analysis of 22 election-period surveys in five countries shows that people who cast a ballot are much more glad they did than people who abstain....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Why do people in new democracies stop voting?... +

An exhaustive study of legislative elections in all 91 democracies that were born around the world from 1939 to 2015 finds that in half of them, there was a substantial decline in voter turnout. But what actually caused people to stay home depended on wha...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Forgoing chemo linked to worse survival in older patients with advanced colon cancer who had dementia... +

A pre-existing diagnosis of dementia was associated with increased risk of death for older patients with advanced colon cancer; however, some of the effects of dementia on survival could be mediated by receipt of chemotherapy....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

The math of doughnuts: 'Moonshine' sheds light on elliptic curves... +

Mathematicians have opened a new chapter in the theory of moonshine, one which begins to harness the power of the pariahs -- sporadic simple groups that previously had no known application....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

NIST's quick test may speed antibiotic treatment and combat drug resistance... +

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a potential new tactic for rapidly determining whether an antibiotic combats a given infection, thus hastening effective medical treatment and limiting the developm...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Positive, negative or neutral, it all matters: NASA explains space radiation... +

Charged particles may be small, but they matter to astronauts. NASA's Human Research Program (HRP) is investigating these particles to solve one of its biggest challenges for a human journey to Mars: space radiation and its effects on the human body....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Solidarity between good and justice keeps a society together... +

Soka University researcher Isamu Okada and his collaborators Tatsuya Sasaki (University of Vienna) and Yutaka Nakai (Shibaura Institute of Technology) have found that the solidarity of philanthropism and reciprocity is necessary to maintain cooperative so...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Observatory detects extragalactic cosmic rays hitting the Earth... +

Fifty years ago, scientists discovered that the Earth is occasionally hit by cosmic rays of enormous energies. Since then, they have argued about the source of those ultra-high energy cosmic rays -- whether they came from our galaxy or outside the Milky W...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Russian scientists have studied the genes that allow cancer cells to resist drugs... +

Researchers from the People's Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) have studied the mechanism of drug resistance for ovarian and breast cancer cells. They discovered that these cancer cells have redox-dependent mechanism which is tasked with ...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Ancient textiles reveal differences in Mediterranean fabrics in the 1st millennium BC... +

Analysis of Iron Age textiles indicates that during c. 1000-400 BC Italy shared the textile culture of Central Europe, while Greece was largely influenced by the traditions of ancient Near East....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Rainbow colors reveal cell history... +

Dr. Nikolay Ninov, group leader at the DFG research center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden, Cluster of Excellence at the TU Dresden, and Paul Langerhans Institute Dresden, and his group developed a system called 'Beta-bow,' which allows the history of ...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Assembly of nanoparticles proceeds like a zipper... +

according to scientists from Aalto University Finland, viruses and nanoparticles can be assembled into processable superlattice wires. The demonstration shows that electrostatic self-assembly of nanoparticles can potentially be used to form processable ma...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Winter cold extremes linked to high-altitude polar vortex weakening... +

When the strong winds that circle the Arctic slacken, cold polar air can escape and cause extreme winter chills in parts of the Northern hemisphere. A new study finds that these weak states have become more persistent over the past four decades and can be...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Stimuli fading away en route to consciousness... +

Whether or not we consciously perceive the stimuli projected onto our retina is decided in our brain. A recent study by the University of Bonn shows how some signals dissipate along the processing path to conscious perception. This process begins at rathe...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

700 years old saint myth has been proven (almost) true... +

Scientists confirm that the age and content of an old sack is in accordance with a medieval myth about Saint Francis of Assisi....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Party discipline for jumping genes... +

Jumping genes, transposons, are part of the genome of most organisms, aggregated into families and can damage the genome by jumping. How hosts suppress the jumping is well investigated. Why they still can jump has hardly been understood so far. Researcher...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

HSE scholars measure prestige of fashion models... +

Beginning models should choose independent magazines in order to be successful in the fashion industry, but they should also keep in mind that the fashion business is becoming increasingly closed off every year. This is one of the conclusions drawn by Mar...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Leopoldina Annual Assembly focuses on genome editing issues... +

The German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina today opened its 2017 Annual Assembly in Halle (Saale), with this year's theme being "Genome Editing - Challenges for the Future". The two-day event sees distinguished international scientists come togeth...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Our weight tells how we assess food... +

A new study demonstrated that people of normal weight tend to associate natural foods such as apples with their sensory characteristics. On the other hand, processed foods such as pizzas are generally associated with their function or the context in which...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

New gene delivery approach could allow long-term persistence in proliferating cells... +

Researchers added a scaffold/matrix attachment region (S/MAR) to a conventional adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector used for gene transfer, and the modified vectors were able to establish colonies and maintain long-term transgene expression in HeLa cells....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

A sustainable future powered by sea... +

OIST researchers develop turbines to convert the power of ocean waves into clean, renewable energy....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Crowning the 'King of the Crops': Sequencing the white Guinea yam genome... +

An international collaboration involving the Earlham Institute, Norwich, UK, and the Iwate Biotechnology Research Centre, Japan, has for the first time provided a genome sequence for the white Guinea yam, a staple crop with huge economic and cultural sign...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Smartphone apps reduce depression... +

New Australian-led research has confirmed that smartphone apps are an effective treatment option for depression, paving the way for safe and accessible interventions for the millions of people around the world diagnosed with this condition....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Usher syndrome: Gene therapy restores hearing and balance... +

Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, Inserm, the CNRS, Collge de France, University Pierre et Marie Curie, and University Clermont Auvergne, have recently restored hearing and balance in a mouse model of Usher syndrome type 1G characterized by profound c...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Residents: Frontline defenders against antibiotic resistance?... +

Residents often decide which antibiotics to start a patient on so they could become the first line of defense against antibiotic resistance, says Geovanny F. Perez, M.D., a pulmonologist at Children's National Health System....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Study: Strategy might prevent infections in patients with spinal cord injuries... +

A new study at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center investigates how to reduce the number of infections in patients with spinal cord injuries without using antibiotics....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Novel assay shows promise for non-invasive detection of PD-L1 on circulating tumor cells... +

Researchers have presented the first report of a new microfluidics-based approach for detecting circulating cancer biomarkers in blood samples....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

NASA tracking Hurricane Maria on Bahamas approach... +

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a look at Maria's temperatures to find the strongest sides of the storm, while NOAA's GOES satellite revealed the extent of the storm in a visible image as it moved toward the Bahamas....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

NASA's Terra satellite sees a very stubborn post-Tropical Cyclone Jose... +

Jose continues to bring tropical storm conditions to southern New England although the storm has become post-tropical. NASA's Terra satellite caught a view of the storm sitting almost stationary about 100 miles from Nantucket Island, Mass....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Families of survivors of ECMO for heart conditions report favorable quality of life... +

One of the few large studies to report long-term outcomes in cardiac patients treated in childhood with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has found overall favorable outcomes among survivors, as reported by families. ECMO provides short-term brea...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

UCI scientists identify important aspect of the brain's navigational system... +

The ability to successfully navigate in the environment is essential both for animals searching for food or escaping predators, as well as for human urban dwellers. It is something we take for granted, but under the hood, it is supported by still incomple...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

NYU dentistry study pinpoints role of proteins that produce pearls... +

While it is known that pearls are made of calcium carbonate with an organic matrix core, the role of the proteins modulating the organization of these crystals has, until recently, been unclear. Researchers at NYU Dentistry reported the role of two such p...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Low screening rates for adolescents diagnosed with PID in the nation's emergency departments... +

The nation's emergency departments had low rates of complying with recommended HIV and syphilis screening for at-risk adolescents, though larger hospitals were more likely to provide such evidence-based care....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

First large scale study of cocaine users leads to breakthrough in drug testing... +

Scientists from the University of Surrey have developed a rapid and highly sensitive fingerprint test that can take just seconds to confirm whether someone has used cocaine....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Enhancing the sensing capabilities of diamonds with quantum properties... +

When a nitrogen atom is next to the space vacated by a carbon atom, it forms what is called a nitrogen-vacancy center. Now, researchers have shown how they can create more NV centers, which makes sensing magnetic fields easier, using a relatively simple m...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Discovery of a new genetic syndrome which predisposes the body to cancer... +

A new syndrome caused by biallelic mutations -- those produced in both gene copies inherited from the mother and father -- in the FANCM gene predisposes the body to the appearance of tumors and causes rejection to chemotherapy treatments. Contrary to what...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Multi-gene test predicts Alzheimer's better than APOE E4 alone... +

A new test that combines the effects of more than two dozen genetic variants, most associated by themselves with only a small risk of Alzheimer's disease, does a better job of predicting which cognitively normal older adults will go on to develop Alzheime...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Highest-energy cosmic rays have extragalactic origin... +

A 50-year-old debate has at last been settled: the highest-energy cosmic rays do not originate in our own Galaxy but in galaxies located tens or even hundreds of millions of light years away. The evidence comes from the Pierre Auger Observatory in Argenti...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Emergency contraception not as accessible as it should be, says CU Anschutz study... +

Efforts to remove barriers to accessing emergency contraception (EC) scored victories in 2013, when the US Food and Drug Administration removed age restrictions on over-the-counter sales of the levonogestrel drug Plan B....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Fires in Australia pop up in places already burned... +

Fires that span across the Northern Territory and Western Australia appear to have broken out in areas that have already been burned in previous fires....

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Antibiotics and biocidal cleaners may spread multidrug resistance in MRSA... +

Antibiotic use on people or pets, and use of biocidal cleaning products such as bleach, are associated with multidrug resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the home. This contamination of the home environment may contribute t...

 2017-09-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

From galaxies far far away!... +

In a paper to be published in Science on 22 September, the Pierre Auger Collaboration reports observational evidence demonstrating that cosmic rays with energies a million times greater than that of the protons accelerated in the Large Hadron Collider com...

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