Science

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 2021-04-22 22:19 

ScienceDaily.com

Lithium treats intellectual defects in mouse model of Bardet-Biedl Syndrome...

Mice with symptoms that mimic Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) have difficulty with learning and generating new neurons in the hippocampus. However, according to a new study, these mental defects can be successfully treated with lithium....

 2021-04-22 22:19 

ScienceDaily.com

Ancient Indigenous forest gardens promote a healthy ecosystem...

A new study by historical ecologists finds that Indigenous-managed forests -- cared for as 'forest gardens' -- contain more biologically and functionally diverse species than surrounding conifer-dominated forests and create important habitat for a...

 2021-04-22 22:18 

ScienceDaily.com

Pregnant women with COVID-19 face high mortality rate...

In a worldwide study of 2,100 pregnant women, those who contracted COVID-19 during pregnancy were 20 times more likely to die than those who did not contract the virus....

 2021-04-22 19:04 

ScienceDaily.com

Mars has right ingredients for present-day microbial life beneath its surface, study finds...

New research suggests that rocks in the Martian crust could produce the same kind of chemical energy that supports microbial life deep beneath Earth's surface....

 2021-04-22 16:36 

ScienceDaily.com

Ground and satellite observations map building damage after Beirut explosion...

Days after the 4 August 2020 massive explosion at the port of Beirut in Lebanon, researchers were on the ground mapping the impacts of the explosion in the port and surrounding city. The goal was to document and preserve data on structural and faade damag...

 2021-04-22 16:36 

ScienceDaily.com

The science of spin: Asteroseismologists confirm older stars rotate faster than expected...

Stars spin faster than expected as they age according to a new study which uses asteroseismology to shed new light on this emerging theory....

 2021-04-22 16:36 

ScienceDaily.com

Study of 'breakthrough' cases suggests COVID testing may be here to stay...

Two new cases helped scientists confirm what many have come to suspect: that people can get infected by SARS-CoV-2 variants even after successful vaccination. The findings suggest continued testing may be needed to prevent future outbreaks in a post-vacci...

 2021-04-22 16:36 

ScienceDaily.com

How we know whether and when to pay attention...

International team of researchers identifies cognitive computations underlying human predictive behavior....

 2021-04-22 16:36 

ScienceDaily.com

Using exoplanets as dark matter detectors...

In the continuing search for dark matter in our universe, scientists believe they have found a unique and powerful detector: exoplanets. Astrophysicists suggest dark matter could be detected by measuring the effect it has on the temperature of exoplanets,...

 2021-04-22 16:36 

ScienceDaily.com

Fighting harmful bacteria with nanoparticles...

Multi-resistant pathogens are a serious and increasing problem in today's medicine. Where antibiotics are ineffective, these bacteria can cause life-threatening infections. Researchers are currently developing nanoparticles that can be used to detect ...

 2021-04-22 16:36 

ScienceDaily.com

California's wildfire season has lengthened, and its peak is now earlier in the year...

Researchers have analyzed CALFIRE wildfire statistics from 2000 to 2019, comparing them with data from 1920 to 1999, to learn that the annual burn season has lengthened in the past two decades and that the yearly peak has shifted from August to July....

 2021-04-22 16:36 

ScienceDaily.com

Among COVID-19 survivors, an increased risk of death, serious illness...

Researchers showed that COVID-19 survivors -- including those not sick enough to be hospitalized -- have an increased risk of death in the six months following diagnosis with the virus. They also have catalogued the numerous diseases associated with COVID...

 2021-04-22 14:29 

ScienceDaily.com

Mars' changing habitability recorded by ancient dune fields in Gale crater...

An international team has found evidence of ancient dunes on Mars that could help explain ancient surface conditions....

 2021-04-22 14:28 

ScienceDaily.com

The future looks bright for infinitely recyclable plastic...

Plastics are ubiquitous, but they're not practical. Less than 10% are recycled, and the other approximately 8 billion tons are creating a pollution crisis. Researchers are determined to change that. A new analysis shows producing and recycling their g...

 2021-04-22 13:39 

ScienceDaily.com

Artificial intelligence model predicts which key of the immune system opens the locks of coronavirus...

A new artificial intelligence (AI) method is helping researchers link immune cells to their targets and, for example, uncouple which white blood cells recognize SARS-CoV-2. The tool has broad applications in understanding the function of the immune system...

 2021-04-22 13:38 

ScienceDaily.com

Faster air exchange in buildings not always beneficial for coronavirus levels...

Vigorous and rapid air exchanges might not always be a good thing when it comes to levels of coronavirus particles in a multiroom building, according to a new modeling study. Particle levels can spike in downstream rooms shortly after rapid ventilation....

 2021-04-22 13:38 

ScienceDaily.com

Common antibiotic effective in healing coral disease lesions...

An antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections in humans is showing promise in treating stony coral, found throughout the tropical western Atlantic, including several areas currently affected by stony coral tissue loss disease. Preserving M. cavernosa c...

 2021-04-22 13:38 

ScienceDaily.com

More belly weight increases danger of heart disease even if BMI does not indicate obesity...

Research on how obesity impacts the diagnosis, management and outcomes of heart and blood vessel disease, heart failure and arrhythmias is summarized in a new statement. Waist circumference, an indicator of abdominal obesity, should be regularly measured ...

 2021-04-22 13:38 

ScienceDaily.com

ALMA discovers rotating infant galaxy with help of natural cosmic telescope...

Using ALMA, astronomers found a rotating baby galaxy 1/100th the size of the Milky Way at a time when the Universe was only seven percent of its present age. Thanks to assistance by the gravitational lens effect, the team was able to explore for the first...

 2021-04-22 13:38 

ScienceDaily.com

Know your ally: Cooperative male dolphins can tell who's on their team...

When it comes to friendships and rivalries, male dolphins know who the good team players are. New findings reveal that male dolphins form a social concept of team membership based on cooperative investment in the team....

 2021-04-22 13:38 

ScienceDaily.com

Membranes unlock potential to vastly increase cell-free vaccine production...

Researchers discovered that enriching cell-free vaccine extracts with cellular membranes increased the yields of protein-based vaccines by five-fold, significantly broadening access to potentially lifesaving medicines....

 2021-04-22 13:38 

ScienceDaily.com

Average-risk individuals may prefer stool-based test over colonoscopy for cancer screening...

When given a choice, most individuals with an average risk of colorectal cancer said they would prefer a stool-based screening test for colorectal cancer over colonoscopy, the method most often recommended by health care providers....

 2021-04-22 02:22 

ScienceDaily.com

Astronomers release new all-sky map of Milky Way's outer reaches...

The highlight of the new chart is a wake of stars, stirred up by a small galaxy set to collide with the Milky Way. The map could also offer a new test of dark matter theories....

 2021-04-22 00:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Higher mushroom consumption is associated with a lower risk of cancer...

Higher mushroom consumption is associated with a lower risk of cancer, according to a new study. The systematic review and meta-analysis examined 17 cancer studies published from 1966 to 2020. Analyzing data from more than 19,500 cancer patients, research...

 2021-04-22 00:01 

ScienceDaily.com

California's worst wildfires are helping improve air quality prediction...

Engineers are developing methods to estimate the impact of California's destructive wildfires on air quality in neighborhoods affected by the smoke from these fires. Their research fills in the gaps in current methods by providing air quality informat...

 2021-04-22 00:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Warming seas might also look less colorful to some fish: Here's why that matters...

Climate change is driving some fish into cooler, deeper waters. Now they may be faced with another challenge: how to make sense of a world drained of color. Researchers report that even small increases in depth could make it harder for fish to discern the...

 2021-04-22 00:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Collaborative research could help fine-tune the production of antimalarials, chemo drugs...

Much of common pharmaceutical development today is the product of laborious cycles of tweaking and optimization. In each drug, a carefully concocted formula of natural and synthetic enzymes and ingredients works together to catalyze a desired reaction. Bu...

 2021-04-21 20:00 

ScienceDaily.com

The intricate dance between waves, wind, and gliding pelicans explored...

It's a common sight: pelicans gliding along the waves, right by the shore. These birds make this kind of surfing look effortless, but actually the physics involved that give them a big boost are not simple. Researchers have recently developed a theore...

 2021-04-21 20:00 

ScienceDaily.com

Detailed look at intriguing property of chiral materials...

A new study is advancing scientists' understanding of magneto-chiral dichroism. The research focuses on light-matter interactions in chiral materials under a magnetic field....

 2021-04-21 20:00 

ScienceDaily.com

Study explains 'cocktail party effect' in hearing impairment...

Plenty of people struggle to make sense of a multitude of converging voices in a crowded room. Commonly known as the 'cocktail party effect,' people with hearing loss find it's especially difficult to understand speech in a noisy environment. ...

 2021-04-21 20:00 

ScienceDaily.com

Why climate change is driving some to skip having kids...

A new study finds that overconsumption, overpopulation and uncertainty about the future are among the top concerns of those who say climate change is affecting their reproductive decision-making....

 2021-04-21 19:49 

ScienceDaily.com

NASA's Perseverance Mars rover extracts first oxygen from Red Planet...

The milestone, which the MOXIE instrument achieved by converting carbon dioxide into oxygen, points the way to future human exploration of the Red Planet....

 2021-04-21 19:12 

ScienceDaily.com

Using floodwaters to weather droughts...

Using a new computer framework, scientists are able to project future floodwaters under a changing climate. The approach could help California water managers plan for and redirect floodwaters toward groundwater aquifers, alleviating both flood and drought...

 2021-04-21 19:12 

ScienceDaily.com

Carbon dioxide-rich liquid water in ancient meteorite...

Scientists detect small pockets of carbon dioxide-rich liquid water in a meteorite dating from the early solar system....

 2021-04-21 19:12 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists capture image of an electron's orbit within an exciton...

Researchers have captured an image showing the internal orbits, or spatial distribution, of particles in an exciton - a goal that had eluded scientists for almost a century....

 2021-04-21 19:12 

ScienceDaily.com

Mechanical engineers develop new high-performance artificial muscle technology...

Researchers have developed a new, high-performance artificial muscle technology. The new technology enables more human-like motion due to its flexibility and adaptability, but outperforms human skeletal muscle in several metrics....

 2021-04-21 19:12 

ScienceDaily.com

AI algorithms can influence people's voting and dating decisions in experiments...

Researchers have found that artificial intelligence algorithms can influence people's preferences for fictitious political candidates or potential romantic partners, depending on whether recommendations were explicit or covert....

 2021-04-21 19:12 

ScienceDaily.com

Air pollution data in five Chinese cities: Local vs. U.S. monitoring stations...

When air quality in China is poor, locally reported air pollution measurements diverge from U.S. embassy-reported measurements more than would be expected by random chance, finds an analysis of air pollution data from five large Chinese cities....

 2021-04-21 19:12 

ScienceDaily.com

Fast material manipulation through a laser...

Researchers have found out that ultrafast switches in material properties can be prompted by laser pulses -- and why. This knowledge may enable new transistor concepts....

 2021-04-21 19:12 

ScienceDaily.com

Aerial photos uncover an invisible fault in Chinese city...

Decades-old aerial photos of Yudong District, Datong City in Shanxi Province, Northern China have helped researchers in their search for a fault hidden underneath the city's buildings and cement roads, researchers said....

 2021-04-21 16:47 

ScienceDaily.com

'Fingerprint' for 3D printer accurate 92% of time...

New research shows 3D printers can be identified by thermodynamic properties, which could could aid intellectual property, security....

 2021-04-21 16:46 

ScienceDaily.com

New evidence shows important seabird nutrients reach coral reefs after rat eradication...

Scientists have provided the first evidence to show that eradicating rats from tropical islands effects not just the biodiversity on the islands, but also the fragile coral seas that surround them....

 2021-04-21 16:46 

ScienceDaily.com

A growing problem of 'deepfake geography': How AI falsifies satellite images...

Using satellite photos of three cities and drawing upon methods used to manipulate video and audio files, a team of researchers set out to identify new ways of detecting fake satellite photos and warn of the dangers of falsified geospatial data....

 2021-04-21 16:46 

ScienceDaily.com

Pepper the robot talks to itself to improve its interactions with people...

Ever wondered why your virtual home assistant doesn't understand your questions? Or why your navigation app took you on the side street instead of the highway? Researchers have now designed a robot that 'thinks out loud' so that users can hear...

 2021-04-21 16:46 

ScienceDaily.com

Jane Austen quote encoded in a polymer...

Using a novel molecular-data-storage technique, researchers have encoded a quote from Jane Austen's classic novel Mansfield Park in a series of oligomers, which a third party could read back without prior knowledge of the structures that encoded the p...

 2021-04-21 16:46 

ScienceDaily.com

Mice master complex thinking with a remarkable capacity for abstraction...

Categorization is the brain's tool to organize nearly everything we encounter in our daily lives. Grouping information into categories simplifies our complex world and helps us to react quickly and effectively to new experiences. Scientists have now s...

 2021-04-21 16:46 

ScienceDaily.com

Central African forests are unequally vulnerable to global change...

An international study reveals the composition of the tropical forests of Central Africa and their vulnerability to the increased pressure from climate change and human activity expected in the coming decades. Thanks to an exceptional dataset - an invento...

 2021-04-21 16:46 

ScienceDaily.com

Climate 'tipping points' need not be the end of the world...

The disastrous consequences of climate 'tipping points' could be averted if global warming was reversed quickly enough, new research suggests....

 2021-04-21 16:46 

ScienceDaily.com

Wildfire smoke linked to skin disease...

Wildfire smoke can trigger a host of respiratory and cardiovascular symptoms, ranging from runny nose and cough to a potentially life-threatening heart attack or stroke. A new study suggests that the dangers posed by wildfire smoke may also extend to the ...

 2021-04-21 16:46 

ScienceDaily.com

In calculating the social cost of methane, equity matters...

A new study reports that the social cost of methane - a greenhouse gas that is 30 times as potent as carbon dioxide in its ability to trap heat - varies by as much as an order of magnitude between industrialized and developing regions of the world....

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