Science

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 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

New research finds advanced shoe technology reduces top race times for elite athletes...

A new paper is the first to study the effects of advanced shoe technology on the performance of elite long-distance runners. Researchers found that the new footwear, featuring lightweight foam and a rigid plate in the midsole, significantly reduced race t...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Improving survival in pancreatic cancer...

Nagoya University researchers and colleagues have uncovered a molecular pathway that enhances chemotherapy resistance in some pancreatic cancer patients. Targeting an RNA to interrupt its activity could improve patient response to therapy and increase the...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Faster air exchange in buildings not always beneficial for coronavirus levels...

Vigorous and rapid air exchanges might not always be a good thing when it comes to levels of coronavirus particles in a multiroom building, according to a new modeling study. Particle levels can spike in downstream rooms shortly after rapid ventilation....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Next generation of swimming biobots can self-train, showing striking speed and strength...

Researchers at the Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia (IBEC) led by Samuel Sanchez achieve a breakthrough in the field of biological robots by developing new biobots based on muscle cells that can swim at unprecedented velocities. These biobots als...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Common antibiotic effective in healing coral disease lesions...

An antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections in humans is showing promise in treating stony coral, found throughout the tropical western Atlantic, including several areas currently affected by stony coral tissue loss disease. Preserving M. cavernosa c...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Emergency EMR created in a week to respond to COVID-19 crisis...

A paper published in the International Journal of Medical Informatics shows how a team from Regenstrief Institute leveraged OpenMRS, a global open-source EMR, to create -- in a week -- an emergency EMR for first responders preparing for a possible influx ...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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ALMA discovers rotating infant galaxy with help of natural cosmic telescope...

Using ALMA, astronomers found a rotating baby galaxy 1/100th the size of the Milky Way at a time when the Universe was only seven percent of its present age. Thanks to assistance by the gravitational lens effect, the team was able to explore for the first...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Personalized, 3D printed shields developed to protect patients during radiation therapy...

In a new paper published in Advanced Science, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital and MIT describe efforts to develop a new personalized, 3D-printed device intended to shield pa...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Average-risk individuals may prefer stool-based test over colonoscopy for cancer screening...

When given a choice, most individuals with an average risk of colorectal cancer said they would prefer a stool-based screening test for colorectal cancer over colonoscopy, the method most often recommended by health care providers....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Know your ally: Cooperative male dolphins can tell who's on their team...

When it comes to friendships and rivalries, male dolphins know who the good team players are. New findings, published in Nature Communications by University of Bristol researchers, reveal that male dolphins form a social concept of team membership based o...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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More belly weight increases danger of heart disease even if BMI does not indicate obesity...

Research on how obesity impacts the diagnosis, management and outcomes of heart and blood vessel disease, heart failure and arrhythmias is summarized in a new statement.Waist circumference, an indicator of abdominal obesity, should be regularly measured a...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Membranes unlock potential to vastly increase cell-free vaccine production...

Researchers discovered that enriching cell-free vaccine extracts with cellular membranes increased the yields of protein-based vaccines by five-fold, significantly broadening access to potentially lifesaving medicines....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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The first US population to experience drone delivery gives it a seal of approval...

The primary finding: 87 percent of people who responded to the survey reported that they liked the idea of drone delivery....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Under pressure: Manipulating protein-mimicking molecules with hydrostatic pressure...

Stimulus-responsive supramolecular structures have emerged as an alternative to conventional ones, owing to their applications in sensing, drug delivery, and switchable memory systems. Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology explore the hydrostat...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Story Tip from Johns Hopkins experts on COVID-19...

Story Tip from Johns Hopkins Experts on COVID-19...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Hunger cues...

Research by investigators at Harvard Medical School illuminates the neurobiology that underlies food attraction and how hungry mice choose to pay attention to one object in their environment over another....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

How is a molecular machine assembled?...

The conversion of light into chemical energy by plants and photosynthetic microorganisms is one of the most important processes in nature, removing climate-damaging CO2 from the atmosphere. Protein complexes, so-called photosystems, play the key role in t...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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The future looks bright for infinitely recyclable plastic...

Plastics are ubiquitous, but they're not practical. Less than 10% are recycled, and the other ~8 billion tons are creating a pollution crisis. A Berkeley Lab team is determined to change that. A new analysis shows producing and recycling their game-ch...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Burns victims struggling to pay...

Living away from community and country, Aboriginal families of children with severe burns also face critical financial stress to cover the associated costs of health care and treatment, a new study shows. An Australian study found feelings of crisis were ...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Better country dementia care...

Rising levels of dementia is putting pressure on residential aged care facilities, including in rural and regional centres where nursing homes and staff are already under pressure. Now a pilot program of personalised interventions, including residents'...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Freeze! Executioner protein caught in the act...

A new molecular 'freeze frame' technique has allowed WEHI researchers to see key steps in how the protein MLKL kills cells....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Artificial intelligence model predicts which key of the immune system opens the locks of coronavirus...

With an artificial intelligence (AI) method developed by researchers at Aalto University and University of Helsinki, researchers can now link immune cells to their targets and for example uncouple which white blood cells recognize SARS-CoV-2. The develope...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Fat-footed tyrannosaur parents could not keep up with their skinnier adolescent offspring...

New research by the University of New England's Palaeoscience Research Centre suggests juvenile tyrannosaurs were slenderer and relatively faster for their body size compared to their multi-tonne parents....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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A new study identifies interleukin 11 as a marker of cancer-associated fibroblasts...

A research group led by Prof. Hiroyasu Nakano of Department of Biochemistry, Toho University Faculty of Medicine, found that interleukin 11 (IL-11)-positive cells rapidly appear in the colons of mice with colitis and colitis-associated colorectal cancers....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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New therapy target for malignant melanomas in dogs...

Scientists have shown that the biological molecule PD-L1 is a potential target for the treatment of metastasized oral malignant melanoma in dogs....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Landscape induced back-building thunderstorm lines along the mei-yu front...

A research team led by Dr. Zhemin Tan, Professor at the School of Atmospheric Sciences of Nanjing University, analyzed the influences of the regional landscape that lead to consistent mesoscale convective systems (MCS) back-building in the Yangtze river b...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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New research data on the regulation of hormone-dependent breast cancer...

Notch proteins are key regulators of growth and differentiation of both normal and cancer cells. Researchers in Turku, Finland, have now demonstrated that the activities of distinct Notch family members are modified differently by phosphorylation. These r...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Neuro-researchers find repetitive head impacts can result in functional brain impairments...

Neuroscience researchers at Mayo Clinic Orthopedics and Sports Medicine in Rochester, Minnesota, U.S., the Health and Technology District and Simon Fraser University (SFU) in Surrey, British Columbia, Canada have published the latest results of their ongo...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Plant provenance influences pollinators...

Insect decline poses challenges for the pollination of wild and cultivated plants. Landscape ecologists from Mnster University have now discovered that the diversity of insects that interact with plant communities is influenced not only by plant species b...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Climate-smart ag strategies may cut nitrous oxide emissions from corn production...

For corn, using dairy manure and legume cover crops in crop rotations can reduce the need for inorganic nitrogen fertilizer and protect water quality, but these practices also can contribute to emissions of nitrous oxide -- a potent greenhouse gas....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Increased tourniquet use has saved lives in Los Angeles County...

Tourniquet use has been consistently increasing in Los Angeles County since 2015 and is significantly associated with improved patient survival....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Frequent internet use by older people during lockdown linked to mental health benefits...

A new study from the University of Surrey has found that among people aged 55 to 75 more frequent use of the internet was beneficial for mental health and quality of life under lockdown....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Progression of cardiac hypertrophy in dialysis patients can be retarded by drugs...

Patients with chronic kidney dysfunction frequently develop thickening of the heart muscle, so-called left ventricular hypertrophy. Haemodialysis patients have a number of risk factors for developing this form of cardiac hypertrophy. One of those is eleva...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Properties of chromium tribromide show path to innovative electronic devices...

Two-dimensional (2D) materials with a single-layer thickness retaining magnetic order in atomically thin limit began to increase their scientific and technological significance after the successful synthesis of graphene and later investigations of van der...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Mutations can reduce effect of hormonal treatment in early breast cancer...

A small proportion of women who receive anti-estrogen treatment after breast cancer surgery have worse outcomes. This is associated with mutations in the estrogen receptor gene, according to a study from Lund University now published in JNCI Cancer Spectr...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Inspired by nature, the research to develop a new load-bearing material...

Engineers have developed a new material that mimics human cartilage - the body's shock absorbing and lubrication system, and it could herald the development of a new generation of lightweight bearings....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

IU researchers tackled the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance...

IU researchers tackled the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance by looking at accessibility of county and municipal laws in Indiana....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

XYZeq: A better map of cell diversity...

Researchers at Gladstone Institutes, UC San Francisco, and UC Berkeley have developed a more efficient method than ever before to simultaneously map the specialized diversity and spatial location of individual cells within a tissue or a tumor. The techniq...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Fighting harmful bacteria with nanoparticles...

Multi-resistant pathogens are a serious and increasing problem in today's medicine. Where antibiotics are ineffective, these bacteria can cause life-threatening infections. Researchers at Empa and ETH Zurich are currently developing nanoparticles that...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Romantic relationships mitigate effects of trauma on alcohol use among college students...

Students who have been exposed to interpersonal trauma -- physical assault, sexual assault or unwanted sexual experiences -- prior to college are more likely to engage in risky alcohol use. But romantic relationships mitigate these effects of trauma on a ...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Updated results on coronavirus vaccination effectiveness...

Study of 1.4 Million patients demonstrates high vaccine effectiveness of 95-96% 7 days following second Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine dose. Vaccine also effective in patients suffering from Multiple Chronic Illnesses, though higher residual risk may remain in t...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Adversity in early life linked to higher risk of mental health problems...

New research has found that childhood adversity, such as parental conflict, death of a close family member or serious injury, before the age of nine was associated with mental health problems in late adolescence....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Photoexpansion: Bio-based polyesters hard film...

A phenomenon of "photoexpansion" in hard plastic films with a high glass transition temperature in the dry state was established, which was essentially different from very soft actuators, such as elastomers or gels. The photoexpanding hard actuato...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Using exoplanets as dark matter detectors...

In the continuing search for dark matter in our universe, scientists believe they have found a unique and powerful detector: exoplanets.In a new paper, two astrophysicists suggest dark matter could be detected by measuring the effect it has on the tempera...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Researchers design micro-sized capsules for targeted drug delivery -- inspired by Russian pelmeni...

An international team led by a Skoltech researcher has developed a method of fabrication for biodegradable polymer microcapsules, made more efficient by turning to an unusual source of inspiration - traditional Russian dumpling, or pelmeni, making....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Study of 'breakthrough' cases suggests COVID testing may be here to stay...

Two new cases helped scientists confirm what many have come to suspect: that people can get infected by SARS-CoV-2 variants even after successful vaccination. The findings suggest continued testing may be needed to prevent future outbreaks in a post-vacci...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Mars' changing habitability recorded by ancient dune fields in Gale crater...

An international team led by Imperial has found evidence of ancient dunes on Mars that could help explain ancient surface conditions....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Nanofiltration membranes to treat industrial wastewater from heavy metals...

NUST MISIS scientists together with Indian colleagues from Jain University and Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College presented innovative membranes for the complete removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater. The special nanostructure of zinc-...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Scientists propose new formation mechanism for solar coronal rain...

A research team led by Dr. LI Leping from the National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) proposed a new formation mechanism for coronal rain along open magnetic structures facilitated by interchange magnetic reconnection...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Unlocking Australia's biodiversity, one dataset at a time...

The Atlas of Living Australia (ALA) - Australia's national biodiversity database - uses cutting-edge digital tools to let people share, access and analyse data about local plants, animals and fungi, as well as environmental data like rainfall and temp...

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