Science

» Auto updated continuously

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Plant provenance influences pollinators...

Insect decline poses challenges for the pollination of wild and cultivated plants. Landscape ecologists from Mnster University have now discovered that the diversity of insects that interact with plant communities is influenced not only by plant species b...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Climate-smart ag strategies may cut nitrous oxide emissions from corn production...

For corn, using dairy manure and legume cover crops in crop rotations can reduce the need for inorganic nitrogen fertilizer and protect water quality, but these practices also can contribute to emissions of nitrous oxide -- a potent greenhouse gas....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Increased tourniquet use has saved lives in Los Angeles County...

Tourniquet use has been consistently increasing in Los Angeles County since 2015 and is significantly associated with improved patient survival....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Frequent internet use by older people during lockdown linked to mental health benefits...

A new study from the University of Surrey has found that among people aged 55 to 75 more frequent use of the internet was beneficial for mental health and quality of life under lockdown....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Progression of cardiac hypertrophy in dialysis patients can be retarded by drugs...

Patients with chronic kidney dysfunction frequently develop thickening of the heart muscle, so-called left ventricular hypertrophy. Haemodialysis patients have a number of risk factors for developing this form of cardiac hypertrophy. One of those is eleva...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Properties of chromium tribromide show path to innovative electronic devices...

Two-dimensional (2D) materials with a single-layer thickness retaining magnetic order in atomically thin limit began to increase their scientific and technological significance after the successful synthesis of graphene and later investigations of van der...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Mutations can reduce effect of hormonal treatment in early breast cancer...

A small proportion of women who receive anti-estrogen treatment after breast cancer surgery have worse outcomes. This is associated with mutations in the estrogen receptor gene, according to a study from Lund University now published in JNCI Cancer Spectr...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Inspired by nature, the research to develop a new load-bearing material...

Engineers have developed a new material that mimics human cartilage - the body's shock absorbing and lubrication system, and it could herald the development of a new generation of lightweight bearings....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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IU researchers tackled the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance...

IU researchers tackled the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance by looking at accessibility of county and municipal laws in Indiana....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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XYZeq: A better map of cell diversity...

Researchers at Gladstone Institutes, UC San Francisco, and UC Berkeley have developed a more efficient method than ever before to simultaneously map the specialized diversity and spatial location of individual cells within a tissue or a tumor. The techniq...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Fighting harmful bacteria with nanoparticles...

Multi-resistant pathogens are a serious and increasing problem in today's medicine. Where antibiotics are ineffective, these bacteria can cause life-threatening infections. Researchers at Empa and ETH Zurich are currently developing nanoparticles that...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Romantic relationships mitigate effects of trauma on alcohol use among college students...

Students who have been exposed to interpersonal trauma -- physical assault, sexual assault or unwanted sexual experiences -- prior to college are more likely to engage in risky alcohol use. But romantic relationships mitigate these effects of trauma on a ...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Updated results on coronavirus vaccination effectiveness...

Study of 1.4 Million patients demonstrates high vaccine effectiveness of 95-96% 7 days following second Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine dose. Vaccine also effective in patients suffering from Multiple Chronic Illnesses, though higher residual risk may remain in t...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Adversity in early life linked to higher risk of mental health problems...

New research has found that childhood adversity, such as parental conflict, death of a close family member or serious injury, before the age of nine was associated with mental health problems in late adolescence....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Photoexpansion: Bio-based polyesters hard film...

A phenomenon of "photoexpansion" in hard plastic films with a high glass transition temperature in the dry state was established, which was essentially different from very soft actuators, such as elastomers or gels. The photoexpanding hard actuato...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Using exoplanets as dark matter detectors...

In the continuing search for dark matter in our universe, scientists believe they have found a unique and powerful detector: exoplanets.In a new paper, two astrophysicists suggest dark matter could be detected by measuring the effect it has on the tempera...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Researchers design micro-sized capsules for targeted drug delivery -- inspired by Russian pelmeni...

An international team led by a Skoltech researcher has developed a method of fabrication for biodegradable polymer microcapsules, made more efficient by turning to an unusual source of inspiration - traditional Russian dumpling, or pelmeni, making....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Study of 'breakthrough' cases suggests COVID testing may be here to stay...

Two new cases helped scientists confirm what many have come to suspect: that people can get infected by SARS-CoV-2 variants even after successful vaccination. The findings suggest continued testing may be needed to prevent future outbreaks in a post-vacci...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Mars' changing habitability recorded by ancient dune fields in Gale crater...

An international team led by Imperial has found evidence of ancient dunes on Mars that could help explain ancient surface conditions....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Nanofiltration membranes to treat industrial wastewater from heavy metals...

NUST MISIS scientists together with Indian colleagues from Jain University and Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College presented innovative membranes for the complete removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater. The special nanostructure of zinc-...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Scientists propose new formation mechanism for solar coronal rain...

A research team led by Dr. LI Leping from the National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) proposed a new formation mechanism for coronal rain along open magnetic structures facilitated by interchange magnetic reconnection...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Unlocking Australia's biodiversity, one dataset at a time...

The Atlas of Living Australia (ALA) - Australia's national biodiversity database - uses cutting-edge digital tools to let people share, access and analyse data about local plants, animals and fungi, as well as environmental data like rainfall and temp...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Individuals in lower-income US counties or high support for former President Trump continue to be less likely to socially distance...

Using nearly a year of anonymous geolocation data from 15-17 million cell phone users in 3,037 United States counties, investigators have found that individuals with lower income per capita or greater Republican orientation were associated with significan...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Artificial intelligence could create better outcomes for bowel cancer patients...

A test which uses artificial intelligence (AI) to measure proteins present in some patients with advanced bowel cancer could hold the key to more targeted treatment, according to research published today....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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How we know whether and when to pay attention...

International team of researchers identifies cognitive computations underlying human predictive behaviour....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Scientists provide new insights into the citric acid cycle...

Researchers led by Professors Ivan Berg (University of Mnster) and Wolfgang Eisenreich (Technical University of Munich) have new insights into the citric acid cycle: Certain bacteria can use this central metabolic pathway "backwards", but to do so...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Sculpting radiation beam spares lung cancer patients from severe, disabling complication...

The use of a novel esophagus-sparing technique reduces the rate of severe inflammation of the esophagus in patients with localized lung cancer receiving high-dose radiation and concurrent chemotherapy. Severe esophagitis was reduced despite tumors located...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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SMART breakthrough in materials discovery enables 'twistronics' for bulk systems...

Researchers at Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) and National University of Singapore (NUS) have discovered a new way to control light emission from materials. While recent discoveries focused on manipulation of atomically-thin 2D...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Sapped: Exploring potential connections between devitalizing anemia and insomnia...

Genome wide analyses have revealed that MSEI, a gene linked with anemia is also associated with insomnia. The correlation between the two conditions, however, remains largely unexplored in adults. Thus, in a cross-sectional study, researchers assessed the...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Representation of racial/ethnic minorities, women in clinical trials of managing hearing loss...

What The Study Did: This review of 125 U.S.-based clinical trials that investigated the management of hearing loss assessed representation in the trials by race/ethnicity and sex....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Experimental drug shows potential against Alzheimer's disease...

Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine have designed an experimental drug that reversed key symptoms of Alzheimer's disease in mice. The drug works by reinvigorating a cellular cleaning mechanism that gets rid of unwanted proteins by diges...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Among COVID-19 survivors, an increased risk of death, serious illness...

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis showed that COVID-19 survivors -- including those not sick enough to be hospitalized -- have an increased risk of death in the six months following diagnosis with the virus. They also ha...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Acute ischemic stroke during convalescent phase of asymptomatic COVID-2019 infection in men...

What The Study Did: This case series reports the risk factors, incidence rate and features of acute ischemic stroke experienced by a group of male patients ages 50 years or younger in the convalescent stage of COVID-19....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

California's wildfire season has lengthened, and its peak is now earlier in the year...

Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have analyzed CALFIRE wildfire statistics from 2000 to 2019, comparing them with data from 1920 to 1999, to learn that the annual burn season has lengthened in the past two decades and that the yearly pe...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

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Maternal, neonatal outcomes among pregnant women with, without COVID-19...

What The Study Did: This study assesses the association between COVID-19 and maternal and neonatal outcomes in pregnant women with COVID-19 diagnosis compared with pregnant women without COVID-19 diagnosis....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Study finds stereotactic body radiotherapy is safe for treating multiple metastases...

In a phase 1 clinical trial to evaluate the safety of the approach, UChicago Medicine researchers found that high-powered, tightly-targeted radiation therapy is safe for treating patients with multiple metastases....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

'Stickiness' key to better diagnostics and pharmaceuticals...

The 'stickiness', or viscosity, of microscopic liquids can now be measured thousands of times faster than ever before, potentially leading to better understanding of living cells, disease diagnostics and pharmaceutical testing....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Firearms laws curb rates of gun violence across United States...

States with stricter firearms laws reported lower suicide and homicide rates, according to a Rutgers study....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Less is more for the next generation of CAR T cells...

Penn Medicine researchers discovered that less is more when it comes to the length of what is known as the single-chain variable fragment for CAR T cells....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Salad or cheeseburger? Your co-workers shape your food choices...

Employees' cafeteria purchases--both healthy and unhealthy foods--were influenced by their co-workers' food choices, found a large, two-year study of hospital employees. The study made innovative use of cash register data to gain insights into how...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Political polarization: Often not as bad as we think...

As politics grows increasingly polarized, a new global study finds people often exaggerate political differences and negative feelings of those on the opposite side of the political divide, and this misperception can be reduced by informing them of the ot...

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

During pandemic's first 9 months, depression and anxiety increased sharply among Americans...

Boston College researchers found that 50 percent of adults reported anxiety and 44 percent reported depression between April and November 2020 - rates six times higher than 2019 - according to a new report in the journal Translational Behavioral Medicine....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

The science of spin -- asteroseismologists confirm older stars rotate faster than expected...

Stars spin faster than expected as they age according to a new study led by scientists at the University of Birmingham which uses asteroseismology to shed new light on this emerging theory....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Minimally invasive retinal reattachment procedure leads to superior photoreceptor integrity...

A new study reinforces pneumatic retinopexy (PnR) as the better first-line retinal reattachment technique to achieve the best visual outcomes....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Opioid use following first prescription among adolescents, young adults...

What The Study Did: Claims data were used to look at opioid use among young people (ages 10 to 21) who had been prescribed opioids for the first time....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Racial/ethnic disparities in ophthalmology clinical trials of FDA-approved drugs...

What The Study Did: Researchers investigated racial/ethnic representation in clinical trials that led to U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of ophthalmology drugs from 2000 to 2020....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

New material could better protect soldiers, athletes and motorists...

Soldiers, athletes, and motorists could lead safer lives thanks to a new process that could lead to more efficient and re-useable protection from shock and impact, explosion, and vibration, according to a new study....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Urgent shortage of evidence for safe withdrawal from antidepressants...

A new study has highlighted that while much is known about the ever increasing uptake of antidepressant medications around the world, there is very little evidence on safe and effective approaches to discontinuing treatment....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

Transport phenomena at the nanoscale...

Excitation gratings created by interference of two light waves on a material allow investigating transport phenomena at a scale comparable to their wavelength. Going to the X-rays allows accessing these phenomena at the nanoscale....

 2021-04-22 04:00 

EurekAlert

SARS-CoV-2 transmission risk in NBA during 2020 season...

What The Study Did: This cohort study examines viral dynamics and transmission of infection for NBA players, staff and vendors who had clinically recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection but continued to have positive test results following discontinuation of ...

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